In recent years, the HTML5 standard has been strengthening in many web pages. But what do we mean by this? What is the crucial difference between the HTML “common”, so to speak, and this new standard? Today we’ll talk about it and answer the question of what is HTML5. It is considered that the information will be aimed at people who have no previous experience and want to learn. Many may already have an advanced sense of this, and perhaps too basic . Finally, we can begin.
What is HTML5 ?
HTML5 is a markup language (in fact, mean HTML stands for Hyper Text Markup Language) used for structuring and presenting content for the web. One of the key aspects for the operation of the sites, but not the first. It is in fact the fifth revision of the standard that was created in 1990. Late last year, the W3C recommended it to become the standard to be used in the development of future projects. So to speak, what HTML5 is also related to the decline of the standard entry in old HTML 4, which combined with other languages to produce sites that we see today. With HTML5, we have other opportunities to exploit using fewer resources . With HTML5, also falls into disuse the XHTML format, since it would not be necessary implementation.
HTML4 was “declared” the official language of the web in 2000, and took a decade to begin implementing the development of its new revision. This new generation of HTML, it is said, will soon dominate the development in internet, but it introduces some important changes we will see in a few lines. Thus, for developers of web sites is important to know the advantages of HTML5, considering that some institutions are moving in this direction. Not only Google with its Chrome browser, some years ago, but Adobe a few months, that removed Flash support for Android to make way for the arrival of HTML5 ago.
Returning to what is HTML5. It is a system to format the layout of our pages and make some adjustments to their appearance. With HTML5, browsers like Firefox, Chrome, Explorer, Safari and may know how to display a certain web page, to know where the items are, where to put the images, where the text is located. In this sense, the HTML5 is not much different from its predecessor, a language which we speak a few months ago in our roadmap HTML . The main difference, however, is the level of sophistication of the code that can be built using HTML5.
What is new?
In terms of Markup, HTML5 introduces some elements that make it aggiorne the times. Thus, many of the developments are related to how to build websites that you have today. One of the most important developments is related to the integration of multimedia in web sites, which now will have special HTML tags to be included. Moreover, some design aspects are also included in the language, as well as some details of navigation. We will see this in some lines.
Using HTML5, you can reduce the dependence on plug-ins that have to be installed to view a particular web. Emblematic cases, Adobe Flash, which is clearly prejudiced by the introduction of this standard. On the other hand, was a major breakthrough for devices that natively Flash not stand, and it does not endure plug-ins to do so. Another emblematic case the iPhone. In addition, with the horizon, HTML5 application development that can be used in a multitude of devices expands.
Thanks to HTML5, users can access web sites offline, without being connected to the internet. It also adds the functionality of drag and drop, and also online document editing widely popularized by Google Docs. The geolocation is one of its strengths, but on the other hand, labels specially designed for audio and video saves you from having to have a Flash plug-in and, at the same time deal a mortal blow to the product Adobe, which increasingly is being used less. However, it is important to note that Flash is still used and still did not HTML5 the “big leap”, but is coming.
The new labels
The HTML language functions through meaningful brand called tags. Labels are an essential tool for browsers to interpret the code and let us see pictures, text, paragraph, and structures. Browsers would become as “translators” labels, and HTML5, add new tags to use to save us the use of other products that are used to complement and do things that simply could not do HTML. HTML5 was created to make the process of writing the code simpler and more logical, to put it one way. The syntax of HTML5 stands out, as we said, in the multimedia field, but are enough to generate labels made an improvement.
The idea behind HTML5 is that we can visualize the varied multimedia content that can be found on the Internet even when we are in low-end devices that could not stand it when they have to install countless plug-ins. Not only have special tags like audio, video and canvas, but also integration with vector graphics files (previously known as the object tag. With these tags, the users can consume videos and songs, for example, without install anything additionally.
The most important of the new labels are created:
article : This tag is used to define an item, a user comment or an independent publication within the site.
header, footer : these individual labels save having to insert IDs for each, as they used to do before. In addition, you can insert headers and footers for each section, instead of having to do so only in general.
nav : denial can be inserted directly into the markup between these tags, allowing us to make our lists navigation officiate.
section : with this label, one of the most important news, you can define all kinds of sections within a document. To put it simply, works similarly to the div tag that also separates us form different sections.
audio and video : these are the two most important HTML5 tags, because they allow us to access more simply to multimedia content that can be played by almost all kinds of devices, set the type of content that will be inside.
embed : With this tag you can mark the presence of an external application or interactive content.
There are other labels inaugurated by HTML5 but these include introducing innovation in our code. The labels that we were used to, on the other hand, introduce a new operation. The example is the case of the header and footer tags, which, as we said, now allow separate sections, not just the beginning and the end of a page. The operation of the DOCTYPE is also renewed, being much simpler to use and less cumbersome. We will not expatiate too in this sense, since, as we said, we are guiding beginners and curious, but with HTML5 we will be able to write much less.
We’ve been over what is HTML5, and what their main uses and its most important innovations are. For designers, it is something that should be, and indeed is already doing, implemented immediately. possibilities are many . We hope to have clarified some important questions, or have aroused some curiosity to find out more.